PyBaMM 24.1 has been released!

PyBaMM 24.1 has now been released! This release continues the previous release schedule conforming to three releases a year and marks the first release of 2024. We would like to thank all the contributors who made this release and the previous three pre-releases possible.

The full list of changes can be found in the CHANGELOG file, but here we provide a deeper overview of the main features of this release.

Support for Python 3.12#

PyBaMM now includes support for Python 3.12, which was released in October 2023. There is some functionality still not yet fully supported in Python 3.12 plus some functionality deprecated for Python 3.8 (see warnings below), but versions 3.9 to 3.11 support all functionality.


We have deprecated support for the JaxSolver, i.e., the [jax] optional dependency on Python 3.8 and it is supported on Python 3.9 and above for macOS, Linux, and Windows.


The scikits.odes solver is not supported on Python 3.12 yet. It is supported on Python versions 3.8 to 3.11, for macOS and Linux.

Custom termination conditions#

Experiment termination conditions can now be customised, and defined in terms of any model variable. The condition is defined as a Python method that is positive in the feasible operating region, zero when the condition is met and negative in the non-feasible region. For example, to define a termination condition based on the negative electrode potential we can define

def anode_potential_cutoff(variables):
    return variables["Anode potential [V]"] - 0.02

This method can then be converted into a termination condition by using the CustomTermination class and passed to an experiment:

termination = pybamm.step.CustomTermination(
    name="Anode potential cut-off [V]", event_function=anode_potential_cutoff

experiment = pybamm.Experiment(
        pybamm.step.c_rate(-1, termination=termination),
        pybamm.step.c_rate(-0.5, termination=termination),

For a full example please see this notebook.

Reference electrodes#

By default, PyBaMM takes the reference of potential to be at the negative current collector. The new reference electrode functionality allows the users to extract the potential versus a reference electrode, which is a common experiment. The method insert_reference_electrode allows the user to specify the position where to insert the reference electrode (the default option is the midpoint of the separator). Then, the model includes the new variables "Reference electrode potential [V]", "Negative electrode 3E potential [V]" and "Positive electrode 3E potential [V]" which can be plotted and postprocessed as usual. For a full example please see this notebook.

Serialisation of models, parameters and variables#

PyBaMM now supports serialisation of models, parameters, and variables, allowing users to save them to and load them from disk. This is useful for saving the results of long simulations or drive cycles, or for sharing models and parameters with other users in JSON format.

More information can be found in the docs and this notebook.

A get_parameter_info function#

The functionality to print which parameters does a model depend on has now been improved. The method print_parameter_info still prints on screen the parameters a model depends on and which type they are (i.e. Parameter or FunctionParameter) but now as table, which improves readability. The new get_parameter_info method outputs the information as a dictionary, which makes it easy to process the information and enables, amongst other things, to easily extract the parameters required to run a specific model from a larger parameter set. The parameterisation notebook has now been updated to showcase this functionality.

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